Mexican migration to the United States has been a major area of contention for U.S.-Mexico bilateral relations since the early 1900s.
Initially encouraged by the United States to help ease labor force shortages in their economy due to a number of diverse factors, now, despite restrictive U.S. immigration law, Mexico continues to be the leading country of origin for legal and illegal migrant workers into the United States.
Since claiming the top spot among all immigrant groups in the 1980 census, in 2009, according to the 2009 American Community Survey, about 11,478,000 foreign born from Mexico have been residing in the United States. These accounts for 29.8 percent of all immigrants in the United States in 2009, with over half of all Mexican immigrants residing in the United States illegally.
With only a 2000km border between USA and Mexico, 1 million plus Mexicans migrate to the USA every year.
In US Fiscal Years 2007 through 2009, there were between 4,000 and 5,000 TN visas (i.e., TN-2 visas for Mexicans) that were issued by US consulates each year.
In 2010, the number of Mexicans entering this country via a TN American visa was 3,376, according to numbers kept by the U.S. State Department’s Bureau of Consular Affairs.
Sometimes informally referred to as a TN USA visa, TN (Trade NAFTA) status, specifically the TN-2 US visa application for Mexicans, is a special non-immigrant status in the United States unique to citizens of Mexico.
Since the effective date of January 1, 1994, the TN status is recognized in the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) and enables Mexican citizens, along with U.S. and Canadians the opportunity to work in each other’s countries in certain professional occupations. A TN status enables eligible Mexicans unlimited multiple entries to the U.S. for the period of service required by the U.S. employer (includes foreign employers), up to a maximum of three years. Moreover, it has the ability to be extended indefinitely as long as the temporary purpose of the employment continues.
Unlike the H-1B US visa, there is no annual cap on TN work permits.
Since January 1, 2004, following a similar procedure to Canadians, a Mexican citizen must first obtain a US TN-2 USA visa application at a US consulate, generally in Mexico.
Once the TN United States visa stamp is obtained in the Mexican citizen’s passport, the Mexican citizen may enter the US in TN status in a similar manner to a Canadian citizen, and are admitted into the US in the TN-2 status.
Impact on the USA
The Mexican migration carries a hug impact to the US as illegal migration has been noted to cost the US millions of dollars for border patrols and prisons. Mexicans are also considered as a drain on the USA economy for these reasons though they do benefit the US economy by working for low wages but have a negative effect on Americans for keeping wages low.
Despite these contrast, Mexican culture has enriched the US Border States with food, language and music.
If you are a Mexican seeking information on how to obtain a visitor visa to the USA you can click here for more details.
National Visas caters to tourists visiting the USA who are eligible to apply for an ESTA (Electronic System for Travel Authorization), which can allow them to travel to the US for tourism or business for up to 90 days. National Visas also provides US visa info for those wanting to travel to the US and apply for a visa for countries such as Mexico which are not eligible to apply for an ESTA. Click here for information (http://www.nationalvisas.com/visitor/b1b2visitorvisas.htm )